Tools used in bricklaying are usually used for other parts of masonry work as well as bricklaying. The right tool can make any job easier. So, here are some essential tools you will need:
The largest trowel in the trowel family, the brick trowel is used to pick up and spread mortar. The brick trowel normally measures 10 to 11 inches in length. The two long edges of the trowel can be straight or have a slight curve. Due to the rounded edge, it can be used for rough cutting. Yet, it’s not advised to be used by beginners. It is also known as a Philadelphia pattern.
The finishing trowel’s large, flat face allows you to level, texture or smooth the surface coat of mortar, plaster or concrete.
Other essential tools for any bricklayer is the spirit level. The spirit level is used to check the alignment of a wall. Typically, it has two small vials or windows. They each contain liquid and an air bubble. As a result the wall will be perfectly horizontal or vertical if the air bubbles line up with the lines on the vial.
The boat level is similar to the spirit level as it has two bubbles but they are smaller. One of the bubbles is for levelling while the other one is used for plumbing. Additionally, the boat level is useful for solider brick courses or decorative panels.
Bricklayers use other tools such as a rubber mallet to knock slabs, blocks or other heavy materials. Due to the fact that some masonry jobs will require a heavier mallet. Although heavy impact is required to a surface, the rubber head will cause little or no damage.
The brick hammer is “T” shaped with one end chisel shaped and the other end blunt. The chisel end is used for chipping away at masonry and the blunt end is used for driving. It’s specially designed for dressing bricks and masonry. Therefore, it’s great for cutting bricks to the correct size.
To make profile boards, hardpoint saws are used. Additionally, they are used to make homemade “specials” such as a ranging/gauging rod and a brick bat gauge. On the other hand, some masonry jobs may require a masonry block saw for cellular concrete and other types.
A key component of masonry work are the joints, as they are an important part of a walls structure. However, they also form a part of the design, especially in case of brickwork. A jointer tends to be used only for new pointing. Different thicknesses allow different joint depths. A double-ended brick jointer, provides two options for joint depths. The pointer can be used for both face brickwork and block work. Consequentially, they come in many different shapes and sizes.
String Line and Line Pins
A string line enables bricks to be laid level and straight. Normally, they are held in place with line blocks or line pins. The flat-bladed steel pins are pushed into drying mortar joints at opposite ends of the wall. To form a guide line, the string is then tied between the pins.
Bricklayers normally use these L-shaped blocks to position guide lines. An extended slot at one end of the block holds the string line in place. The shorter arm of the L-shaped tool lips around the end of the wall.
These are used in combination with the string line. Therefore, corner blocks keep the line in place so that the walls don’t go off course.