In bricklaying, there are many types of different facing bricks. A facing brick is the type of brick that is visible and within the face of the wall. When looking at a wall it’s usually the first thing someone sees. It is a popular type of brick due to its aesthetic quality. Facing bricks are made from a variety of different materials.
London Bricks or Fletton Bricks:
To create a London brick, the clay is extracted from the South East of England. With this kind of facing brick the traces of oil are burnt away during the kiln process.
Arch bricks are the type of facing bricks used in bricklaying that are burned down immediately. Because of this, it means that they can be over burnt which means they are distorted in shape. Despite their distorted appearance, they are quite high in quality.
Wire-cut Extruded Bricks:
The clay is pushed out and cut into pieces of brick. This type of brick is cost effective. As well as this, wire-cut bricks require much less time to be manufactured. It’s an effective way of production of bricks which is done by an automated system. These facing bricks tend to come in different colours and styles.
The wire-cut brick is much cheaper than the stock brick. Stock bricks are the kind of facing bricks that are soft mud. This means they can be irregular in shape. A lot of the brick making process is automated.
Since Salmon bricks are near the outside of the kiln during the burning process, these bricks are slightly under burnt. This means that they’ll be softer than the Arch bricks. These bricks tend to not have their shape affected and tend to not be as high in quality.
A soft mud moulded brick that is used in bricklaying is called a water-struck brick. Water-struck bricks utilise alluvial clay. This type of clay is pressed into a silicate lined mould. When the mould is removed, these bricks are left with a textured effect that is unique to this method.
Engineering bricks have a high strength and a low water absorption. These bricks are used in damp courses as well as civil engineering. They are also used in structural designing.
In conclusion, having such a variety of styles and types of facing brick allows people more choice when building new houses or other builds such as extensions or garden walls.